SLVSEE8B November   2019  – May 2021 DRV8899-Q1

PRODUCTION DATA  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 SPI Timing Requirements
    7. 6.7 Indexer Timing Requirements
    8. 6.8 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1  Stepper Motor Driver Current Ratings
        1. 7.3.1.1 Peak Current Rating
        2. 7.3.1.2 rms Current Rating
        3. 7.3.1.3 Full-Scale Current Rating
      2. 7.3.2  PWM Motor Drivers
      3. 7.3.3  Microstepping Indexer
      4. 7.3.4  Controlling VREF with an MCU DAC
      5. 7.3.5  Current Regulation
      6. 7.3.6  Decay Modes
        1. 7.3.6.1 Slow Decay for Increasing and Decreasing Current
        2. 7.3.6.2 Slow Decay for Increasing Current, Mixed Decay for Decreasing Current
        3. 7.3.6.3 Mode 4: Slow Decay for Increasing Current, Fast Decay for Decreasing current
        4. 7.3.6.4 Mixed Decay for Increasing and Decreasing Current
        5. 7.3.6.5 Smart tune Dynamic Decay
        6. 7.3.6.6 Smart tune Ripple Control
      7. 7.3.7  Blanking Time
      8. 7.3.8  Charge Pump
      9. 7.3.9  Linear Voltage Regulators
      10. 7.3.10 Logic Level Pin Diagrams
        1. 7.3.10.1 nFAULT Pin
      11. 7.3.11 Protection Circuits
        1. 7.3.11.1 VM Undervoltage Lockout (UVLO)
        2. 7.3.11.2 VCP Undervoltage Lockout (CPUV)
        3. 7.3.11.3 Overcurrent Protection (OCP)
          1. 7.3.11.3.1 Latched Shutdown (OCP_MODE = 0b)
          2. 7.3.11.3.2 Automatic Retry (OCP_MODE = 1b)
        4. 7.3.11.4 Open-Load Detection (OL)
        5. 7.3.11.5 Thermal Shutdown (OTSD)
          1. 7.3.11.5.1 Latched Shutdown (OTSD_MODE = 0b)
          2. 7.3.11.5.2 Automatic Recovery (OTSD_MODE = 1b)
        6. 7.3.11.6 Overtemperature Warning (OTW)
        7. 7.3.11.7 Undertemperature Warning (UTW)
        8.      
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Sleep Mode (nSLEEP = 0)
      2. 7.4.2 Disable Mode (nSLEEP = 1, DRVOFF = 1)
      3. 7.4.3 Operating Mode (nSLEEP = 1, DRVOFF = 0)
      4. 7.4.4 nSLEEP Reset Pulse
      5.     
    5. 7.5 Programming
      1. 7.5.1 Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Communication
        1. 7.5.1.1 SPI Format
        2. 7.5.1.2 SPI for a Single Slave Device
        3. 7.5.1.3 SPI for Multiple Slave Devices in Parallel Configuration
        4. 7.5.1.4 SPI for Multiple Slave Devices in Daisy Chain Configuration
    6. 7.6 Register Maps
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Application
      1. 8.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. 8.2.2.1 Stepper Motor Speed
        2. 8.2.2.2 Current Regulation
        3. 8.2.2.3 Decay Modes
      3. 8.2.3 Application Curves
      4. 8.2.4 Thermal Application
        1. 8.2.4.1 Power Dissipation
          1. 8.2.4.1.1 Conduction Loss
          2. 8.2.4.1.2 Switching Loss
          3. 8.2.4.1.3 Power Dissipation Due to Quiescent Current
          4. 8.2.4.1.4 Total Power Dissipation
        2. 8.2.4.2 PCB Types
        3. 8.2.4.3 Thermal Parameters for HTSSOP Package
        4. 8.2.4.4 Thermal Parameters for VQFN Package
        5. 8.2.4.5 Device Junction Temperature Estimation
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
    1. 9.1 Bulk Capacitance
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Documentation Support
      1. 11.1.1 Related Documentation
    2. 11.2 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    3. 11.3 Support Resources
    4. 11.4 Trademarks
    5. 11.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 11.6 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

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机械数据 (封装 | 引脚)
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订购信息

Decay Modes

During PWM current chopping, the H-bridge is enabled to drive through the motor winding until the PWM current chopping threshold is reached. This is shown in Figure 7-6, Item 1.

Once the chopping current threshold is reached, the H-bridge can operate in two different states, fast decay or slow decay. In fast decay mode, once the PWM chopping current level has been reached, the H-bridge reverses state to allow winding current to flow in a reverse direction. The opposite FETs are turned on; as the winding current approaches zero, the bridge is disabled to prevent any reverse current flow. Fast decay mode is shown in Figure 7-6, item 2. In slow decay mode, winding current is re-circulated by enabling both of the low-side FETs in the bridge. This is shown in Figure 7-6, Item 3.

GUID-97C6FACE-82C9-403B-A098-184B448E4460-low.gifFigure 7-6 Decay Modes

The decay mode is selected by the DECAY register as shown in Table 7-7.

Table 7-7 Decay Mode Settings
DECAYINCREASING STEPSDECREASING STEPS
000bSlow decaySlow decay
001bSlow decayMixed decay: 30% fast
010bSlow decayMixed decay: 60% fast
011bSlow decayFast decay
100bMixed decay: 30% fastMixed decay: 30% fast
101bMixed decay: 60% fastMixed decay: 60% fast
110bSmart tune Dynamic DecaySmart tune Dynamic Decay
111b (default)Smart tune Ripple ControlSmart tune Ripple Control

Figure 7-7 defines increasing and decreasing current. For the slow-mixed decay mode, the decay mode is set as slow during increasing current steps and mixed decay during decreasing current steps. In full step and noncircular 1/2-step operation, the decay mode corresponding to decreasing steps is always used.

GUID-040A3048-396E-427C-83E8-DFAE070CC93D-low.gif Figure 7-7 Definition of Increasing and Decreasing Steps