The Enable (EN) pin is bidirectional and has two functions:
When power is first applied to the VIN pin, the device pulls the EN pin low until it has loaded its default register settings from nonvolatile memory and read the state of the VSEL, FSEL, and SYNCOUT pins. The device also pulls EN low if a fault, such as thermal shutdown or overvoltage lockout, occurs. In stacked configurations, all devices share a common enable signal, which means that the DC/DC converters in the stack cannot start to switch until all devices in the stack have completed their initialization. Similarly, a fault in one or more devices in the stack disables all converters in the stack (see Section 9.3.17).
In standalone (nonstacked) applications, the user can disable the active pulldown of the EN pin if the user sets SINGLE = 1 in the CONTROL3 register. Fault conditions have no effect on the EN pin when SINGLE = 1 (the EN pin is always pulled down during device initialization). In stacked applications, ensure that SINGLE = 0.
When the internal SYSTEM_READY signal is low (that is, initialization is complete and there are no fault conditions), the internal open-drain transistor is high impedance and the EN pin functions like a standard input. A high level on the EN pin enables the DC/DC converter in the device. A low level disables the DC/DC converter (the I2C interface is enabled as soon as the device has completed its initialization and is not affected by the state of the internal ENABLE or SYSTEM_READY signals).
A low level on the EN pin forces the device into shutdown. During shutdown, the MOSFETs in the power stage are off, the internal control circuitry is disabled, and the device consumes only 20 µA (typical).
The rising threshold voltage of the EN pin is 1.0 V and the falling threshold voltage is 0.9 V. The tolerance of the threshold voltages is ±30 mV, which means that the user can use the EN pin to implement precise turn-on and turn-off behavior.