SLVS351P September   2002  – March 2015


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagrams
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 Shutdown
      2. 7.3.2 Start-Up
      3. 7.3.3 Undervoltage Lockout (UVLO)
      4. 7.3.4 Regulator Protection
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Normal Operation
      2. 7.4.2 Dropout Operation
      3. 7.4.3 Disabled
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Application
      1. 8.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. Input and Output Capacitor Requirements
        2. Output Noise
        3. Dropout Voltage
        4. Programming the TPS79601 Adjustable LDO Regulator
      3. 8.2.3 Application Curves
    3. 8.3 Do's and Don'ts
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
      1. 10.1.1 Board Layout Recommendation to Improve PSRR and Noise Performance
      2. 10.1.2 Regulator Mounting
    2. 10.2 Layout Examples
    3. 10.3 Thermal Considerations
    4. 10.4 Estimating Junction Temperature
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Device Support
      1. 11.1.1 Development Support
        1. Evaluation Modules
        2. Spice Models
      2. 11.1.2 Device Nomenclature
    2. 11.2 Documentation Support
      1. 11.2.1 Related Documentation
    3. 11.3 Related Links
    4. 11.4 Trademarks
    5. 11.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 11.6 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information


机械数据 (封装 | 引脚)
散热焊盘机械数据 (封装 | 引脚)

7 Detailed Description

7.1 Overview

The TPS796 family of low-dropout (LDO) regulators combines the high performance required of many RF and precision analog applications with low current consumption. High PSRR is provided by a high-gain, high-bandwidth error loop with good supply rejection at very low headroom (VIN – VOUT). A noise-reduction pin is provided to bypass noise generated by the band-gap reference and to improve PSRR, while a quick-start circuit quickly charges this capacitor at start-up. All versions have thermal and overcurrent protection, and are fully specified from –40°C to 125°C.

7.2 Functional Block Diagrams

TPS79601 TPS79613 TPS79618 TPS79625 TPS79628 TPS79630 TPS79633 TPS79650 fbdadj_lvs351.gifFigure 22. Functional Block Diagram—Adjustable Version
TPS79601 TPS79613 TPS79618 TPS79625 TPS79628 TPS79630 TPS79633 TPS79650 fbdfxd_lvs351.gifFigure 23. Functional Block Diagram—Fixed Version

7.3 Feature Description

7.3.1 Shutdown

The enable pin (EN) is active high and is compatible with standard and low-voltage TTL-CMOS levels. When shutdown capability is not required, EN can be connected to IN.

7.3.2 Start-Up

The TPS796 uses a start-up circuit to quickly charge the noise reduction capacitor, CNR, if present (see the Functional Block Diagrams). This circuit allows for the combination of very low output noise and fast start-up times. The NR pin is high impedance so a low leakage CNR capacitor must be used; most ceramic capacitors are appropriate for this configuration.

For the fastest start-up, apply VIN first, and then drive the enable pin (EN) high. If EN is tied to IN, start-up is somewhat slower. To ensure that CNR is fully charged during start-up, use a 0.1-μF or smaller capacitor.

7.3.3 Undervoltage Lockout (UVLO)

The TPS796 uses an undervoltage lockout circuit to keep the output shut off until internal circuitry is operating properly. The UVLO circuit has approximately 100 mV of hysteresis to help reject input voltage drops when the regulator first turns on.

7.3.4 Regulator Protection

The TPS796xx PMOS-pass transistor has a built-in back diode that conducts reverse current when the input voltage drops below the output voltage (for example, during power-down). Current is conducted from the output to the input and is not internally limited. If extended reverse voltage operation is anticipated, external limiting might be appropriate.

The TPS796xx features internal current limiting and thermal protection. During normal operation, the TPS796xx limits output current to approximately 2.8 A. When current limiting engages, the output voltage scales back linearly until the overcurrent condition ends. While current limiting is designed to prevent gross device failure, care should be taken not to exceed the power dissipation ratings of the package. If the temperature of the device exceeds approximately 165°C (Tsd), thermal-protection circuitry shuts it down. Once the device has cooled down to below approximately 140°C, regulator operation resumes.

7.4 Device Functional Modes

Table 1 provides a quick comparison between the normal, dropout, and disabled modes of operation.

Table 1. Device Functional Mode Comparison

Normal VIN > VOUT(nom) + VDO VEN > VEN(HI) IOUT < ICL TJ < TSD
Dropout VIN < VOUT(nom) + VDO VEN > VEN(HI) IOUT < ICL TJ < TSD
Disabled VEN < VEN(LO) TJ > TSD

7.4.1 Normal Operation

The device regulates to the nominal output voltage under the following conditions:

  • The input voltage is greater than the nominal output voltage plus the dropout voltage (VOUT(nom) + VDO).
  • The enable voltage has previously exceeded the enable rising threshold voltage and not yet decreased below the enable falling threshold.
  • The output current is less than the current limit (IOUT < ICL).
  • The device junction temperature is less than the thermal shutdown temperature (TJ < TSD).

7.4.2 Dropout Operation

If the input voltage is lower than the nominal output voltage plus the specified dropout voltage, but all other conditions are met for normal operation, the device operates in dropout mode. In this mode, the output voltage tracks the input voltage. During this mode, the transient performance of the device becomes significantly degraded because the pass device is in a triode state and no longer controls the current through the LDO. Line or load transients in dropout can result in large output-voltage deviations.

7.4.3 Disabled

The device is disabled under the following conditions:

  • The enable voltage is less than the enable falling threshold voltage or has not yet exceeded the enable rising threshold.
  • The device junction temperature is greater than the thermal shutdown temperature (TJ > TSD).