SBAA565 November   2022 ADC081C021 , ADC081C027 , ADC101C021 , ADC101C027 , ADC121C021 , ADC121C021-Q1 , ADC121C027 , ADC128D818 , ADS1000 , ADS1000-Q1 , ADS1013 , ADS1014 , ADS1015 , ADS1015-Q1 , ADS1100 , ADS1110 , ADS1112 , ADS1113 , ADS1114 , ADS1115 , ADS1115-Q1 , ADS7823 , ADS7827 , ADS7828 , ADS7828-Q1 , ADS7830 , ADS7924 , AFE539A4 , AMC7812 , AMC7812B , DAC081C081 , DAC081C085 , DAC101C081 , DAC101C081Q , DAC101C085 , DAC121C081 , DAC121C085 , DAC43204 , DAC43401 , DAC43401-Q1 , DAC43608 , DAC43701 , DAC43701-Q1 , DAC53002 , DAC53004 , DAC53202 , DAC53204 , DAC53401 , DAC53401-Q1 , DAC53608 , DAC53701 , DAC53701-Q1 , DAC5571 , DAC5573 , DAC5574 , DAC5578 , DAC60501 , DAC60502 , DAC63002 , DAC63004 , DAC63202 , DAC63204 , DAC6571 , DAC6573 , DAC6574 , DAC6578 , DAC70501 , DAC70502 , DAC7571 , DAC7573 , DAC7574 , DAC7578 , DAC7678 , DAC80501 , DAC80502 , DAC8571 , DAC8574 , LMP92001

 

  1.   Abstract
  2.   Trademarks
  3. 1I2C Overview
    1. 1.1 History
    2. 1.2 I2C Speed Modes
  4. 2I2C Physical Layer
    1. 2.1 Two-Wire Communication
    2. 2.2 Open-Drain Connection
    3. 2.3 Non-Destructive Bus Contention
  5. 3I2C Protocol
    1. 3.1 I2C START and STOP
    2. 3.2 Logical Ones and Zeros
    3. 3.3 I2C Communication Frames
  6. 4I2C Examples
    1. 4.1 DAC80501 Example
      1. 4.1.1 DAC80501 DAC Data Register
      2. 4.1.2 DAC80501 I2C Example Write
    2. 4.2 ADS1115 Example
      1. 4.2.1 ADS1115 Configuration Register
      2. 4.2.2 ADS1115 I2C Example Read
      3. 4.2.3 ADS1115 Conversion Result
  7. 5Reserved Addresses
    1. 5.1 General Call
    2. 5.2 START Byte
    3. 5.3 C-Bus Address, Different Bus Format, Future Purposes
    4. 5.4 HS-Mode Controller Code
    5. 5.5 Device ID
    6. 5.6 10-Bit Target Addressing
      1. 5.6.1 10-Bit Target Addressing Write
      2. 5.6.2 10-Bit Target Addressing Read
  8. 6Advanced Topics
    1. 6.1 Clock Synchronization and Arbitration
    2. 6.2 Clock Stretching
    3. 6.3 Electrical Specifications
    4. 6.4 Voltage Level Translation
      1. 6.4.1 Example 1
      2. 6.4.2 Example 2
      3. 6.4.3 Example 3
      4. 6.4.4 Example 4
    5. 6.5 Pullup Resistor Sizing
      1. 6.5.1 Minimum Pullup Resistance Sizing
      2. 6.5.2 Maximum Pullup Resistance Sizing
  9. 7Protocols Similar to I2C
  10. 8Summary

Abstract

Communication between microcontrollers and different peripheral devices require some sort of digital protocol. I2C is a common communication protocol that is used in a variety of devices from many different product families produced by TI. This application note begins with a basic overview of the I2C protocol, describing the history of the protocol, different I2C speed modes, the physical layer of the digital communication, and the structure of the data. Several examples of the communication protocol are shown with different data converters. Finally, this application note covers some uncommon aspects of the protocol, including reserved addresses, clock arbitration and stretching, electrical timing and voltage specifications, and pullup resistor calculation.