ZHCSBB1D July 2013 – March 2018 UCC28740
When the load current of the converter increases to the predetermined constant-current limit, operation enters CC mode. In CC mode, output voltage regulation is lost and the shunt-regulator drives the current and voltage at FB to minimum. During CC mode, timing information at the VS pin and current information at the CS pin allow accurate regulation of the average current of the secondary winding. The CV-regulation control law dictates that as load increases approaches CC regulation the primary peak current will be at IPP(max). The primary peak current, turns-ratio, demagnetization time tDM, and switching period tSW determine the secondary average output current (see Figure 16). Ignoring leakage-inductance effects, the average output current is given by Equation 5. When the demagnetization duty-cycle reaches the CC-regulation reference, DMAGCC, in the current-control block, the controller operates in frequency modulation (FM) mode to control the output current for any output voltage at or below the voltage-regulation target as long as the auxiliary winding keeps VVDD above the UVLO turnoff threshold. As the output voltage falls, tDM increases. The controller acts to increase tSW to maintain the ratio of tDM to switching period (tDM / tSW) at a maximum of 0.425 (DMAGCC), thereby maintaining a constant average output current.
Fast, accurate, opto-coupled CV control combined with line-compensated PSR CC control results in high-performance voltage and current regulation which minimizes voltage deviations due to heavy load and unload steps, as illustrated by the V-I curve in Figure 17.