SLVAEY2A August   2020  – October 2020 LM7310 , TPS25947


  1. 1Introduction
  2. 2Fast Role Swap (FRS) Explained
  3. 3Fast Charging Enables FRS
  4. 4Linear ORing is True Reverse Current Blocking (RCB)
  5. 5Summary

Fast Charging Enables FRS

In addition to voltage protections, TPS25947 uses fast charging to control inrush current to meet the FRS time requirement. Conventionally, inrush current control is implemented with adjustable slew rate control. By controlling the slew rate, efuse devices can prevent the initial voltage spike caused by inrush current at startup. However, conventional adjustable slew rate control is too slow for the FRS time requirements. By integrating a variable frequency charge pump and internal control logic, TPS25947 is able to detect switching and quickly boost the frequency to rapidly charge the gate of the FET.
GUID-20200824-CA0I-LB4Z-LPKS-ZX9X0NVRHSLV-low.png Figure 3-1 FRS Test

For this test in Figure 3-1, Vout was initially supplied at 20 V by an external source, indicating that the end device is initially a power sink. Once the external supply is disconnected, Vout quickly drops and the end device switches to a power source to match a constant 5-V output. As shown by Figure 3-1, TPS25947 is able to FRS in ~30 µs.