When used in low-side current sensing applications the offset voltage of the INAx181-Q1 is within ±150 µV. The low offset performance of the INAx181-Q1 has several benefits. First, the low offset allows these devices to be used in applications that must measure current over a wide dynamic range. In this case, the low offset improves the accuracy when the sensed currents are on the low end of the measurement range. Another advantage of low offset is the ability to sense lower voltage drop across the sense resistor accurately, thus allowing a lower-value shunt resistor. Lower-value shunt resistors reduce power loss in the current sense circuit, and help improve the power efficiency of the end application.
The gain error of the INAx181-Q1 is specified to be within 1% of the actual value. As the sensed voltage becomes much larger than the offset voltage, this voltage becomes the dominant source of error in the current sense measurement.