SLVS875C January   2009  – November 2014 TPS54332

PRODUCTION DATA.  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
    1.     Device Images
      1.      Simplified Schematic
      2.      Efficiency
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 Handling Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Switching Characteristics
    7. 6.7 Typical Characteristics: Characterization Curves
    8. 6.8 Typical Characteristics: Supplemental Application Curves
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1  Fixed Frequency PWM Control
      2. 7.3.2  Voltage Reference (Vref)
      3. 7.3.3  Bootstrap Voltage (BOOT)
      4. 7.3.4  Enable and Adjustable Input Undervoltage Lockout (VIN UVLO)
      5. 7.3.5  Programmable Slow-Start Using SS Pin
      6. 7.3.6  Error Amplifier
      7. 7.3.7  Slope Compensation
      8. 7.3.8  Current Mode Compensation Design
      9. 7.3.9  Overcurrent Protection and Frequency Shift
      10. 7.3.10 Overvoltage Transient Protection
      11. 7.3.11 Thermal Shutdown
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Operation With VIN < 3.5 V
      2. 7.4.2 Operation With EN Control
      3. 7.4.3 Eco-Mode
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Application
      1. 8.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. 8.2.2.1  Switching Frequency
        2. 8.2.2.2  Output Voltage Set Point
        3. 8.2.2.3  Input Capacitors
        4. 8.2.2.4  Output Filter Components
        5. 8.2.2.5  Inductor Selection
        6. 8.2.2.6  Capacitor Selection
        7. 8.2.2.7  Compensation Components
        8. 8.2.2.8  Bootstrap Capacitor
        9. 8.2.2.9  Catch Diode
        10. 8.2.2.10 Output Voltage Limitations
        11. 8.2.2.11 Power Dissipation Estimate
      3. 8.2.3 Application Curves
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
    3. 10.3 Estimated Circuit Area
    4. 10.4 Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Considerations
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Device Support
      1. 11.1.1 Development Support
    2. 11.2 Trademarks
    3. 11.3 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    4. 11.4 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

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Overcurrent Protection and Frequency Shift

The TPS54332 implements current mode control that uses the COMP pin voltage to turn off the high-side MOSFET on a cycle-by-cycle basis. Every cycle, the switch current and the COMP pin voltage are compared; when the peak inductor current intersects the COMP pin voltage, the high-side switch is turned off. During overcurrent conditions that pull the output voltage low, the error amplifier responds by driving the COMP pin high, causing the switch current to increase. The COMP pin has a maximum clamp internally, which limit the output current.

The TPS54332 provides robust protection during short circuits. There is potential for overcurrent runaway in the output inductor during a short circuit at the output. The TPS54332 solves this issue by increasing the off-time during short circuit conditions by lowering the switching frequency. The switching frequency is divided by 8, 4, 2, and 1 as the voltage ramps from 0 V to 0.8 V on VSENSE pin. The relationship between the switching frequency and the VSENSE pin voltage is shown in Table 2.

Table 2. Switching Frequency Conditions

SWITCHING FREQUENCY VSENSE PIN VOLTAGE
1 MHz VSENSE ≥ 0.6 V
1 MHz / 2 0.6 V > VSENSE ≥ 0.4 V
1 MHz / 4 0.4 V > VSENSE ≥ 0.2 V
1 MHz / 8 0.2 V > VSENSE