SLUS772G MARCH   2008  – June 2020 TPS40210 , TPS40211


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
    1.     Device Images
      1.      Simplified Schematic
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1  Soft Start
      2. 7.3.2  BP Regulator
      3. 7.3.3  Shutdown (DIS/EN Pin)
      4. 7.3.4  Minimum On-Time and Off-Time Considerations
      5. 7.3.5  Setting the Oscillator Frequency
      6. 7.3.6  Synchronizing the Oscillator
      7. 7.3.7  Current Sense and Overcurrent
      8. 7.3.8  Current Sense and Subharmonic Instability
      9. 7.3.9  Current Sense Filtering
      10. 7.3.10 Control Loop Considerations
      11. 7.3.11 Gate Drive Circuit
      12. 7.3.12 TPS40211
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Operation Near Minimum Input Voltage
      2. 7.4.2 Operation With DIS/EN Pin
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Applications
      1. 8.2.1 12-V to 24-V Nonsynchronous Boost Regulator
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
          1.  Custom Design with WEBENCH Tools
          2.  Duty Cycle Estimation
          3.  Inductor Selection
          4.  Rectifier Diode Selection
          5.  Output Capacitor Selection
          6.  Input Capacitor Selection
          7.  Current Sense and Current Limit
          8.  Current Sense Filter
          9.  Switching MOSFET Selection
          10. Feedback Divider Resistors
          11. Error Amplifier Compensation
          12. RC Oscillator
          13. Soft-Start Capacitor
          14. Regulator Bypass
          15. Bill of Materials
        3. Application Curves
      2. 8.2.2 12-V Input, 700-mA LED Driver, Up to 35-V LED String
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Device Support
      1. 11.1.1 Third-Party Products Disclaimer
      2. 11.1.2 Related Devices
      3. 11.1.3 Development Support
        1. Custom Design with WEBENCH Tools
    2. 11.2 Documentation Support
      1. 11.2.1 Related Documentation
    3. 11.3 Related Links
    4. 11.4 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    5. 11.5 Trademarks
    6. 11.6 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    7. 11.7 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information


机械数据 (封装 | 引脚)
散热焊盘机械数据 (封装 | 引脚)

Current Sense and Overcurrent

The TPS4021x is a current mode controller that uses a resistor in series with the source terminal power FET to sense current for both the current mode control and overcurrent protection. The device enters a current limit state if the voltage on the ISNS pin exceeds the current limit threshold voltage VISNS(oc) from the Electrical Characteristics. When this happens, the controller discharges the SS capacitor through a relatively high impedance and then attempts to restart. The amount of output current that causes this to happen is dependent on several variables in the converter.

TPS40210 TPS40211 v07119_lus772.gifFigure 25. Oscillator Components
TPS40210 TPS40211 v07120_lus772.gifFigure 26. Current Sense Components

The load current overcurrent threshold is set by proper choice of RISNS. If the converter is operating in discontinuous mode, the current sense resistor is found in Equation 15.

Equation 15. TPS40210 TPS40211 q_risns01_lus772.gif

If the converter is operating in continuous conduction mode, RISNS can be found in Equation 16.

Equation 16. TPS40210 TPS40211 q_risns02_lus772.gif


  • RISNS is the value of the current sense resistor in Ω
  • VISNS(oc) is the overcurrent threshold voltage at the ISNS pin (from electrical specifications)
  • D is the duty cycle (from Equation 11)
  • fSW is the switching frequency in Hz
  • VIN is the input voltage to the power stage in V (see text)
  • L is the value of the inductor in H
  • IOUT(oc) is the desired overcurrent trip point in A
  • VD is the drop across the diode in Figure 26

The TPS40210 and TPS40211 have a fixed undervoltage lockout (UVLO) that allows the controller to start at a typical input voltage of 4.25 V. If the input voltage is slowly rising, the converter might have less than its designed nominal input voltage available when it has reached regulation. As a result, this can decrease the apparent current limit load current value and must be taken into consideration when selecting RISNS. The value of VIN used to calculate RISNS must be the value at which the converter finishes start-up. The total converter output current at start-up is the sum of the external load current and the current required to charge the output capacitor or capacitors. See the Soft Start section of this data sheet for information on calculating the required output capacitor charging current.

The topology of the standard boost converter has no method to limit current from the input to the output in the event of a short circuit fault on the output of the converter. If protection from this type of event is desired, it is necessary to use some secondary protection scheme, such as a fuse, or rely on the current limit of the upstream power source.