11.1 Layout Guidelines
To prevent thermal shutdown, the junction temperature, TJ, must be less than T(TSD). If the voltage drop across the output channels is high, the device power dissipation can be large. The LP50xx device has very good thermal performance because of the thermal pad design; however, the PCB layout is also very important to ensure that the device has good thermal performance. Good PCB design can optimize heat transfer, which is essential for the long-term reliability of the device.
Use the following guidelines when designing the device layout:
- Place the CVCAP, CVCCand RIREF as close to the device as possible. Also, TI recommends to put the ground plane as Figure 64 and Figure 65.
- Maximize the copper coverage on the PCB to increase the thermal conductivity of the board. The major heat flow path from the package to the ambient is through copper on the PCB. Maximum copper density is extremely important when no heat sinks are attached to the PCB on the other side from the package.
- Add as many thermal vias as possible directly under the package ground pad to optimize the thermal conductivity of the board.
- Use either plated-shut or plugged and capped vias for all the thermal vias on both sides of the board to prevent solder voids. To ensure reliability and performance, the solder coverage should be at least 85%.