ZHCSJ78 December   2018 INA240-SEP


  1. 特性
  2. 应用
  3. 说明
    1.     Device Images
      1.      典型应用
      2.      增强型 PWM 抑制
  4. 修订历史记录
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 Amplifier Input Signal
        1. Enhanced PWM Rejection Operation
        2. Input Signal Bandwidth
      2. 7.3.2 Selecting the Sense Resistor (RSENSE)
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Adjusting the Output Midpoint With the Reference Pins
      2. 7.4.2 Reference Pin Connections for Unidirectional Current Measurements
        1. Ground Referenced Output
        2. VS Referenced Output
      3. 7.4.3 Reference Pin Connections for Bidirectional Current Measurements
        1. Output Set to External Reference Voltage
        2. Output Set to Midsupply Voltage
        3. Output Set to Mid-External Reference
        4. Output Set Using Resistor Divider
      4. 7.4.4 Calculating Total Error
        1. Error Sources
        2. Reference Voltage Rejection Ratio Error
          1. Total Error Example 1
          2. Total Error Example 2
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
      1. 8.1.1 Input Filtering
    2. 8.2 Typical Applications
      1. 8.2.1 Inline Motor Current-Sense Application
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
        3. Application Curve
      2. 8.2.2 Solenoid Drive Current-Sense Application
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
        3. Application Curve
    3. 8.3 Do's and Don'ts
      1. 8.3.1 High-Precision Applications
      2. 8.3.2 Kelvin Connection from the Current-Sense Resistor
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
    1. 9.1 Power Supply Decoupling
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
      1. 10.1.1 Connection to the Current-Sense Resistor
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
  11. 11器件和文档支持
    1. 11.1 接收文档更新通知
    2. 11.2 社区资源
    3. 11.3 商标
    4. 11.4 静电放电警告
    5. 11.5 术语表
  12. 12机械、封装和可订购信息


机械数据 (封装 | 引脚)
散热焊盘机械数据 (封装 | 引脚)

Selecting the Sense Resistor (RSENSE)

The INA240-SEP determines the current magnitude from measuring the differential voltage developed across a resistor. This resistor is referred to as a current-sensing resistor or a current-shunt resistor. The flexible design of the device allows a wide input signal range across this current-sensing resistor.

The current-sensing resistor is ideally chosen solely based on the full-scale current to be measured, the full-scale input range of the circuitry following the device. The minimum current-sensing resistor is a design-based decision in order to maximize the input range of the signal chain circuitry. Full-scale output signals that are not maximized to the full input range of the system circuitry limit the ability of the system to exercise the full dynamic range of system control.

Two important factors to consider when finalizing the current-sensing resistor value are: the required current measurement accuracy and the maximum power dissipation across the resistor. A larger resistor voltage provides for a more accurate measurement, but increases the power dissipation in the resistor. The increased power dissipation generates heat, which reduces the sense resistor accuracy because of the temperature coefficient. The voltage signal measurement uncertainty is reduced when the input signal gets larger because any fixed errors become a smaller percentage of the measured signal. The design trade-off to improve measurement accuracy increases the current-sensing resistor value. The increased resistance value results in an increased power dissipation in the system which can additionally decrease the overall system accuracy. Based on these relationships, the measurement accuracy is inversely proportional to both the resistance value and power dissipation contributed by the current-shunt selection.

Table 1 shows an example of the different results obtained from using two different gain versions of the INA240-SEP. From the table data, the higher gain device allows a smaller current-shunt resistor and decreased power dissipation in the element. The Calculating Total Error section provides information on the error calculations that must be considered in addition to the gain and current-shunt value when designing with the INA240-SEP.

Table 1. RSENSE Selection and Power Dissipation(1)

Gain 20 V/V
VDIFF Ideal maximum differential input voltage VDIFF = VOUT / Gain 150 mV
RSENSE Current-sense resistor value RSENSE = VDIFF / IMAX 15 mΩ
PRSENSE Current-sense resistor power dissipation RSENSE × IMAX2 1.5 W
Full-scale current = 10 A, and full-scale output voltage = 3 V.