SNVSA79 March   2015 TPS61196-Q1


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 Supply Voltage
      2. 7.3.2 Boost Controller
      3. 7.3.3 Switching Frequency
      4. 7.3.4 Enable and Undervoltage Lockout
      5. 7.3.5 Power-Up Sequencing and Soft Start-up
      6. 7.3.6 Unused Led String
      7. 7.3.7 Current Regulation
      8. 7.3.8 PWM Dimming
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Protections
        1.  Switch Current Limit Protection Using the ISNS Pin
        2.  LED Open Protection
        3.  LED Short-Cross Protection Using the FBP Pin
        4.  Schottky Diode Open Protection
        5.  Schottky Diode Short Protection
        6.  IFB Overvoltage Protection During Start-up
        7.  Output Overvoltage Protection Using the OVP Pin
        8.  Output Short-to-Ground Protection
        9.  IFB Short-to-Ground Protection
        10. ISET Short-to-Ground Protection
        11. Thermal Protection
      2. 7.4.2 Indication For Fault Conditions
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Application
      1. 8.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. Inductor Selection
        2. Schottky Diode
        3. Switch MOSFET And Gate Driver Resistor
        4. Current Sense and Current Sense Filtering
        5. Output Capacitor
        6. Loop Consideration
      3. 8.2.3 Application Curves
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Trademarks
    2. 11.2 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    3. 11.3 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

1 Features

  • 8-V to 30-V Input Voltage
  • Up to 120-V Output Voltage
  • 100-KHz to 800-kHz Programmable Switching Frequency
  • Adaptive Boost Output for LED Voltages
  • Six Current Sinks, 200-mA Continuous Output, 400-mA Pulse Output for Each String
  • ±1.5% Current Matching Between Strings
  • High Precision PWM Dimming Resolution up to 5000:1
  • Programmable OVP Threshold
  • Programmable Input UVLO Threshold
  • Adjustable Soft-Start Time
  • Built-in LED Open and Short Protection
  • Built-in Schottky Diode Open and Short Protection
  • Built-in ISET Short Protection
  • Built-in IFB Short Protection
  • Thermal Shutdown

2 Applications

  • Automotive LCD Backlighting
  • Automotive Cluster Displays
  • Automotive Secondary Displays

3 Description

The TPS61196-Q1 provides a highly integrated solution for automotive LCD backlighting with an independent PWM dimming function for each string. This device is a current mode boost controller driving up to six WLED strings with multiple LEDs in series. Each string has an independent current regulator providing a LED current adjustable from 50 mA to 400 mA within ±1.5% matching accuracy. The minimal voltage at the current sink is programmable in the range of 0.3 V to 1 V to fit with different LED current settings. The input voltage range for the device is from 8 V to 30 V.

The TPS61196-Q1 adjusts the boost controller's output voltage automatically to provide only the voltage required by the LED string with the largest forward voltage drop plus the minimum required voltage at that string's IFB pin, thereby optimizing driver efficiency. Its switching frequency is programmed by an external resistor from 100 kHz to 800 kHz.

The TPS61196-Q1 supports direct PWM brightness dimming. Each string has an independent PWM control input. During the PWM dimming, the LED current is turned on or turned off at the frequency and duty cycle which are determined by the external PWM signal. The PWM frequency ranges from 90 Hz to 22 kHz.

The TPS61196-Q1 integrates overcurrent protection, output short-circuit protection, ISET short-to-ground protection, diode open and short protection, LED open and short protection, and overtemperature shutdown circuit. In addition, the TPS61196-Q1 can detect the IFB pin short to ground to protect the LED string. The device also provides programmable input undervoltage lockout threshold and output overvoltage protection threshold.

Device Information(1)

TPS61196-Q1 HTSSOP (28) 9.70 mm x 4.40 mm
  1. For all available packages, see the orderable addendum at the end of the datasheet.

Simplified Schematic

TPS61196-Q1 FP_typ_app_lvsbg1.gif

4 Revision History

March 2015 * Initial release.